National Chambal Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh

Posted in : Uttar Pradesh

(added few years ago!)

National Chambal Sanctuary, also called the National Chambal Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary, is a 5,400 km2 (2,100 sq mi) protected area for critically endangered Gharial Crocodiles and the Red-crowned roof turtle and the endangered Ganges River Dolphin. Located near Etawah in Uttar Pradesh, North India. It was declared in 1979 and constitutes a long narrow tri-state eco-reserve co-administered by the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. The pristine Chambal river cuts through mazes of ravines and hills and leaves many sandy beaches throughout the 425 km (264 mi) long sanctuary.

The 5,400 km2 (2,100 sq mi) National Chambal Gharial Sanctuary is located along approximately 425 km (264 mi) of the Chambal River and its ravines and varies between 1 km (0.62 mi) to 6 km (3.7 mi) wide centered on the river.It consists of the large arc described by the Chambal river between Jawahar Sagar Dam in Rajasthan and the Chambal-Yamuna rivers confluence in Uttar Pradesh.

Along this arc, two stretches of the Chambal river are protected as the National Chambal Sanctuary. The upper sector centered extends about 27 km (17 mi) from Jawahar Sagar Dam to Kota Barrage, and the lower sector, below a 19 km (12 mi) gap at Kota city, extends about 567 km (352 mi) from Keshoraipatan in Rajasthan to the Chambal-Yamuna rivers confluence near Bhareh town, Etawah district (formerly Auraiya district), Uttar Pradesh.

The Critically endangered Gharial crocodile and the Red-crowned roof turtle live here, and together with the endangered Ganges River Dolphin are the keystone species of the sanctuary. Other large threatened inhabitants of the sanctuary include Muggar crocodile, Smooth-coated Otter, Striped Hyena and Indian Wolf. Chambal supports 8 of the 26 rare turtle species found in India, including Indian narrow-headed soft shell turtle, Three-striped roof turtle and crowned river turtle. Other reptiles that live here are: Indian flap shell turtle, Soft Shell turtle, Indian roofed turtle, Indian tent turtle and Monitor lizard.

The National Chambal Sanctuary is listed as an important bird area (IBA) IN122and is a proposed Ramsar site. At least 320 species of resident and migratory birds inhabit the sanctuary. Migratory birds from Siberia form part of its rich avian fauna. Vulnerable bird species here include the Indian skimmer. Sarus Crane, Pallas's Fish Eagle and Indian Courser. The Pallid Harrier and Lesser Flamingos here are near threatened. Winter visitors include Black-bellied Terns, Red-crested Pochard and Ferruginous Pochard and Bar-headed Goose. Other species include Great Thick-knee, Greater Flamingos, Darters, and Brown Hawk Owl.

There are many nature watching opportunities available for the visitors to the National Chambal Sanctuary. The best opportunities for sighting and photography of Gharial and Dolphins can be had by hiring a boat with experienced driver and guide, available at several points along the river. A boat excursion will also offer many good viewpoints for photography of water and shore birds and unique landscapes. Walking trails in the ravines and along the river offer opportunities for close observation of the wide variety of plants and animals in the Sanctuary

There are public vehicle entry points to Chambal Sanctuary at Pinahat, Nandagon Ghat, Sehson and Bharch. Boating and visiting arrangements can be made with the help of the Wildlife Conservator Office, at Kota.

Visitors may explore Ater Fort, a beautiful but dilapidated landmark and historical site near Ater town, 35 km from Bhind. The fort was built by the Bhadauria kings Badan Singh, Maha Singh and Bakhat Singh in 1664-1698. The fort is situated on the banks of the Chambal River and can be reached by bus, jeep or boat.

There are Forest Rest Houses at Bah and Chakkar Nagar and Public Works Department Inspection Bungalows at Bah and Pinahat. There are several commercial hotels and Eco Lodges at Agra, Etawah and Bah.The nearest airport is at Agra. The nearest railway station is at Agra. Agra and Mathura are major rail junctions with a number of trains from all over the country. Bharatpur, Ranthambhor National Park (with change at Bharatpur), Bandhavgarh National Park (Katni, Umaria) and Kanha National Park (Jabalpur) are all well serviced by the rail network from Agra.

Reaching National Chambal Sanctuary

Etawah, Uttar Pradesh to National Chambal Sanctuary (54.1 Km)


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Agra, Uttar Pradesh to National Chambal Sanctuary (67.1Km)


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Gwalior Madhya Pradesh to National Chambal Sanctuary (145 Km)


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National Chambal Sanctuary Images

 

Tags : National Chambal Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh

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